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Lorenzo Dow Turner papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

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Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, 1906-1989 | Amistad Research Center

By Laura J. Thomson

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Collection Overview

Title: Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, 1906-1989Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1932-1959

Primary Creator: Turner, Lorenzo Dow (1890-1972)

Other Creators: Turner, Lois M.

Extent: 10.26 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 11/28/2011

Subjects: Africa, West, Africa - History, Brazil, Creole dialects, English, Creole dialects, English - Georgia, Creole dialects, English - South Carolina, Linguistics, Sea Islands Creole dialect, Yoruba language

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Lorenzo Dow Turner papers encompass approximately 4.26 linear feet of papers, photographs, sound recordings, and annotated books, offprints, and periodicals, as well as 6 feet of Turner's recording equipment. The papers consist of correspondence, writings (both by Turner and collected), family records, school records, and printed ephemera. Letters of note include a 1967 letter from William Brewer of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History in which he provides his opinions on John Hope Franklin and Martin Luther King Jr., as well as a 1967 letter from a graduate assistant at Northwestern State College in Natchitoches, Louisiana, discussing "language problems" of her Black students. Writings include typescripts on Gullah texts and the Sea-Island dialect of South Carolina, writings on African culture, and notebooks and gathered pages with an envelope marked "original of stories and proverbs in the Yoruba." Also present is the text of an address given by Ambassador S.O. Adeba, Permanent Representative of Nigeria to the United Nations, at Roosevelt University in April 1966 and a copy of Turner's dissertation on "Anti-Slavery Sentiment in American Literature Prior to 1865." Additional papers include an invitation to a series of lectures given by Turner at Roosevelt University, news clippings, a draft of Turner's report on his research conducted on a Fulbright Scholarship in 1951, a hand script chart listing the importation of Africans into South Carolina for 1733-1807 by region of origin, and worksheets used for the Linguistic Atlas of the United States and Canada, compiled by Hans Kurath.

Photographic materials include approximately 100 black and white photographs, circa 1911-1930s, including portraits of Turner, as well as candid images of him, his wife, and unidentified individuals. Also present are a number of books, periodicals, and offprints that contain Turner’s ownership signature and annotations in his hand. Of special significance are Turner’s African field recordings document Yoruba speakers in Nigeria and Benin consisting of 50 wire recordings and 2 reel-to-reel audio recordings (1951). Additional recordings in the form of 49 phonographic lacquered and aluminum discs contain some of Turner’s recordings of the Sea Island Creoles or Gullah speakers from the coast of South Carolina (1932-1933), and Brazilian Yoruba speakers (1940-1941).

Biographical Note

Lorenzo Dow Turner, African American scholar and linguist is known as the “Father of Gullah Studies.”

Lorenzo Dow Turner (1890-1972) was born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, on October 21, 1890, the youngest of four sons of Rooks Turner and Elizabeth Freeman. Turner earned a master's degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. in English literature from the University of Chicago. He taught at Howard University from 1917 to 1928, and during his last eight years, he served as Head of the English Department. After leaving Howard, he founded the Washington Sun newspaper, which closed after one year.

From 1929 to 1946, Turner served as Head of the English Department at Fisk University. There he designed the curriculum for the African Studies Program. In 1946, he began teaching at Roosevelt University in Chicago, where he was Chairman of the African Studies Program. In the early 1960s, he co-founded the Peace Corps training program to prepare young volunteers for service in Africa. Turner retired from Roosevelt in 1967.

Turner did seminal research on the Gullah language of the Low Country of coastal South Carolina and Georgia. His study included recordings of Gullah speakers in the 1930s and is best remembered as the father of Gullah studies. His interest in the Gullah people began in 1929 when he first heard Gullah speakers while teaching a summer class at South Carolina State College (now University). Although established scholars then viewed Gullah speech as a form of substandard English, Turner sensed that Gullah was strongly influenced by African languages. He set out to study the language. For the next 20 years, he made trips to the Gullah region in coastal South Carolina and Georgia, interviewing Gullahs and making detailed notes on their language. He also made recordings in the 1930s of Gullah speakers talking about their culture, folk stories and other aspects of life.

As part of his studies, Turner traveled to several locations in Africa, specifically Sierra Leone, to learn about the development of Creole languages, as well as to Louisiana and Brazil, to study Creole and Portuguese, respectively. He did research at University of London School of Oriental and African Studies (on various African language systems). He wanted to be able to provide context for the obvious "Africanisms" he discovered in his Sea Islands research. When Turner finally published his classic work Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect in 1949, he made an immediate impact on established academic thinking. His study of the origin, development and structure of Gullah was so convincing that scholars quickly accepted his thesis that Gullah is strongly influenced by African languages. He showed the continuity of language and culture across the diaspora. He created a new field of study by his work and an appreciation for a unique element of African-American culture.

In 1951, Turner conducted research in Africa, specifically Nigeria and Benin, as a Fulbright Scholar studying Yoruba languages and dialects, which relate to the Yoruba speakers of northern Brazil. He proved that Gullah and Afro-Brazilian Portuguese were related to the Niger-Congo languages. However, his work among the Yoruba peoples in Africa has not been studied extensively.  The anthropological and ethnographic methodologies Turner used in his work are recognized as having a broader context for the interpretation of language and culture

Turner was strongly influenced by the American linguistic movement, which he joined at its inception. Through his Gullah research, he gave shape to several academic specialties: Gullah studies, dialect geography, and creole linguistics, as well as being an important predecessor to the field of African American studies.

Turner died of heart failure at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, on February 10, 1972

Subject/Index Terms

Africa, West
Africa - History
Brazil
Creole dialects, English
Creole dialects, English - Georgia
Creole dialects, English - South Carolina
Linguistics
Sea Islands Creole dialect
Yoruba language

Administrative Information

Repository: Amistad Research Center

Access Restrictions: The Lorenzo Dow Turner Papers are open available for research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright to these papers has not been assigned to the Amistad Research Center. It is the responsibility of an author to secure permission for publication from the holder of the copyright to any material contained in this collection.

Technical Access Note: The wire recordings and phonographic discs within the Turner papers are currently unavailable for use. Please contact the Reference Services Department for more information at (504) 862-3222.

Acquisition Source: Willie Lee Hart

Acquisition Method: Gift

Preferred Citation: Lorenzo Dow Turner Papers, Amistad Research Center, New Orleans, Louisiana.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Box 3],
[Box 4],
[Box 5: Oversize],
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[All]

Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Biographical information, 1911, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1906-1967Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Photograph: portrait of Lorenzo Dow Turner by A.P. Bedou, 1935?Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Photo postcards, circa 1900s-1910sAdd to your cart.
Includes 10 photo postcards, possibly of Turner family members and/or school associates; one is labeled "Kappa Sigma" likely placing it at Howard University.
Folder 5: Photographs: Lorenzo Dow Turner family?, circa 1943-1950, undatedAdd to your cart.
Three sets of undated photographs likely depicting one or both of Turner's sons, Lorenzo Jr. and Rani. Also included is a photograph possibly of Lorenzo Dow and Lois Turner.
Folder 6: Photographs: Lorenzo Dow Turner, Geneva Turner (?),  and group of children, undatedAdd to your cart.
Set of seven photographs showing Lorenzo Dow Turner and possibly Geneva Turner with a group of children.
Folder 7-8: Photographs: Lorenzo Dow Turner and others, possibly in United Kingdom, circa 1936-1937?Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Photograph: Cabinet card of young girl and boy, undatedAdd to your cart.
Labeled "...and Herman (Aunt Edna's son)"; possibly of Lois Morton's cousin.
Folder 10: Photograph: Lorenzo Dow Turner and unidentified man, undatedAdd to your cart.
Photograph of Turner, likely during his college days.
Folder 11: Photographs: Lorenzo Dow Turner and unidentified woman and girl, undatedAdd to your cart.
Set of eleven photographs of Turner and unidentified woman and girl with stone wall and tree in background.
Folder 12: Photographs: unidentified group/family, undatedAdd to your cart.
Set of eight photographs of unidentified African American group/family.
Folder 13: Photographs: unidentified girl, undatedAdd to your cart.
Set of three photographs of unidentified girl in dress.
Folder 14: Photographs: unidentified women, undatedAdd to your cart.
Set of two photographs of two different women in similar poses on a rooftop.
Folder 15: Photographs: Framed portraits of unidentified men, undatedAdd to your cart.
Four photographs; one labeled "Douglas Logan"; another labeled "Daddy"; two unidentified.
Folder 16: Photographs: unidentified individuals and groups, 1911, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Photographs: negatives, undatedAdd to your cart.
Negatives of unidentified individuals
Folder 18: Photographs: slides, undatedAdd to your cart.
Slide of women preparing food; slide of men in factory setting
Folder 19: Writings by Lorenzo Dow Turner, undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Typescript: The Impact of Western Education on the African's Way of Life (condensed version of the first 18 pages of the original), undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Typescript draft: African Survivals in the New World (The United States and the British West Indies), undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Typescript outline: African Culture and Its Impact on America, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Typescript: Gullah Texts, undatedAdd to your cart.
Includes numbers, songs, and stories.
Folder 21: Typescript: Sea-Island Dialect of South Carolina, undatedAdd to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 22: Typescript: Anti-Slavery Sentiment in American Literature prior to 1865 by Lorenzo Dow Turner, Dissertation, 1926Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Typescript: Work-Sheets for the Linguistic Atlas of the U.S.A. and Canada (American Council of Learned Societies), 1931Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Writings by Lorenzo Dow Turner, 1942-1958Add to your cart.
Item 1: Reprint: Turner, Lorenzo D. "Some Contacts of Brazilian Ex-Slaves with Nigeria, West Africa" Journal of Negro History 27:1 (January 1942)Add to your cart.
Item 2: Reprint: Turner, Lorenzo D. "Problems Confronting the Investigator of Gullah" Publication of the American Dialect Society 9 (November 1947)Add to your cart.
Item 3: Publication: Turner, Lorenzo D. "Problems Confronting the Investigator of Gullah" Publication of the American Dialect Society 9 (November 1947)Add to your cart.
Item 4: Reprint: Turner, Lorenzo D. "The Odyssey of a Zulu Warrior" Jounal of Negro History 40:4 (October 1955)Add to your cart.
Item 5: Reprint: Turner, Lorenzo D. "Walt Whitman and the Negro" Chicago Jewish Forum 15:1 (Fall 1956)Add to your cart.
Item 6: Reprint: Turner, Lorenzo D. "The Role of Folklore in the Life of the Yoruba of Southwestern Nigeria" Report of the Ninth Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Study 11 (1958)Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Collected Writings, 1918-1966Add to your cart.
Item 1: Reprint: Bell, Howard H. "The American Moral Reform Society 1836-1841" Journal of Negro Education 27 (Winter 1958)Add to your cart.
Item 2: Reprint: Farrison, William Edward. "The Phonology of the Illiterate Negro Dialect of Guilford County, North Carolina" Abstracts of Doctors' Dissertations 22 (Ohio State University Press), 1937Add to your cart.
Item 3: Reprint: Storey, Moorfield. "The Negro Question: An address delivered before the Wisconsin Bar Association" (New York: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), 1918 June 27Add to your cart.
Item 4: Reprint: Lynch, Hollis R. "Pan-Negro Nationalism in the New World, before 1862" Boston University Papers on Africa 2 (Boston: Boston University Press), 1966Add to your cart.
Item 5: Publication:  Africa in the Modern World: An NBC Radio Discussion by Melville J. Herskovits, Edwardo Mondlane and Edwin S. Munger, 1952 January 6Add to your cart.
Item 6: Reprint: Lanning, John Tate. "The Case of Jose Ponseano de Ayarza: A Document on the Negro in Higher Education" The Hispanic American Historical Review 24:3  (August 1944)Add to your cart.
Item 7: Publication: Smith, Reed. "Gullah" Bulletin of the University of South Carolina 190 (Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina), 1926 November 1Add to your cart.
Item 8: Reprint: Drake, B. St. Clair. "Recent Trends in Research on the Negro in the United States" International Social Science Bulletin (March 1958)Add to your cart.
Item 9: Reprint: Smith, Edwin W. "The Function of Folk-Tales" Journal of the Royal African Society (January 1940)Add to your cart.
Item 10: Reprint: Taylor, A.A. "Trends in Federal Policy Toward the Negro" Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1942 3 (Washington: American Historical Association), 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Collected publications, 1938-1971Add to your cart.
Item 1: Journal of Negro History 50:2 (April 1965)Add to your cart.
Item 2: Linguistic Atlas of the United States and Canada: Section 1 Linguistic Atlas of New England (Providence, Rhode Island: Brown University), 1938Add to your cart.
Item 3: Negro American Literature Forum 5:3 (Fall 1971)Add to your cart.
Item 4: The Decalogue Journal 15:3 (February-March 1965Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Fragments: notationsAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Research report: Fulbright Program, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Passports, 1940, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 7: International certificate for motor vehicles, driving permit, and receipts, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Address book and calling cards, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Bank book: The First National Bank of Chicago, 1946-1952Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Roosevelt UniversityAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Invitation: "Culture Conflicts and Adjustments in West Africa" lecture by Lorenzo Dow Turner, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 2: Speech: "An African Looks at the Afro-American" / by Ambassador S.O. Adebo, Permanent Representative of Nigeria at the United Nations, 1966Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Yoruba texts (hand script)Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Yoruba texts (hand script): proverbsAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Yoruba texts (hand script): Sermon, St. Luke's GospelAdd to your cart.
Includes Enlish translation.
Folder 18: Yoruba texts (hand script): riddlesAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Yoruba texts (hand script): riddlesAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Harvard Handbook, 1916-1917Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Passporte Imperio do Brasil, 1879: photocopyAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Correspondence and receipts: Arthur Turner, 1906-1907Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Writings by Arthur Turner: hand scripts, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Chicago Urban League Census (1940-1958): Data and maps, 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Books, 1949, 1972Add to your cart.
Item 1: Fremont, Isabell. The Tortoise of Koka and Other Stories (London: Oxford University Press), 1949Add to your cart.
Item 2: Turner, Lois M. Monkey's Tail, Rabbit's Cup. (Lexington, Massachusetts: Ginn and Company), 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Collected ephemera, 1900-1906, 1967, undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Proceedings: Sabbath School Convention, 1900Add to your cart.
Item 2: Booklet: President Roosevelt on the Bible 13 (American Bible Society), 1906Add to your cart.
Item 3: "Les Ballets Africains" Playbill 4:9 (September 1967)Add to your cart.
Item 4: Performance Booklet: Les Ballets Africains, National Ensemble of the Republic of Guinea, circa 1967Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 1, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 2, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 3, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 4, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 5, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 6, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 7, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 8, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 9, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 10, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 11, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 12, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 13, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 14, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 15, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 16, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 17, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 18, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 19, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 20, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 21, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 22, 1951Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 23, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 24, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 25, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 26, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 27, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 28, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 29, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 30, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 31, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 32, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 33, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Field Notes, Wire recording No. 36, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 39, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 40, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 41, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 42, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 43, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 44, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 45, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 46, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 47, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 48, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 49, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Field Notes: Wire recording No. 50, 1951Add to your cart.
Box 5: OversizeAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Hand script ledger: Negroes Imported into South Carolina (1706-1807)Add to your cart.
Item 2: Drawing by Lois Morton Turner, 1939 February 20Add to your cart.
Item 3: Drawing by Lois Morton Turner, 1939 February 22Add to your cart.
Item 4-7: Diplomas, 1910-1921Add to your cart.
Item 8-10: News clippings, 1952, 1969Add to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Item 1: Wire recording: Port Harcourt, NigeriaAdd to your cart.
Notations: Enuga C-Camp Singers. Ibo Proverbs - Eluwa, Port Harcourt Ibo. 6 Min-Lullaby - Mrs. Eluwa. Enuga singers.
Item 2: Wire recording: Ibo and Efik songsAdd to your cart.
Notations: Recorded copy for Dr. Bowman. Recorded at Calabar. Prof. Ita's school.
Item 3: Wire recording: Yoruba songs, Reverend Tongun's churchAdd to your cart.

Notations: Church choir. Atunawa and her partner gave some women ballads in praise of her husband named Adebiyi - the late Babasale Patron of chritians in Ibadan. Ogun Ballads by E.O. Olatoji. Yoruba sons by Mr. Oridokun of Oyo. Yoruba Ifa Chants by O.A. Adedeji.

Memo: Rev. Togun's Church. Record 1st duet, Record 2nd duet. Songs containing (sic) words: elebeo onile kilo balejo. Man who sings omo loba oyo nile emo duje lue ikpa lae. Dialogue kini baga. Record Ifa chant at end. Women's chant. Ogun chants.Oyo-Kakadika.

Century Star Kolumba Orchestra Ibadan. Captain Joseph Ola Akahde (sic) Ibadan boys high school.

Item 4: Wire recording: Western Ibo songsAdd to your cart.
Notations: 2 lullabies.
Item 5: Wire recording: Reverend Togun's materialAdd to your cart.

Notations: A prayer for the success of my work (Rev. Togun). Effon Alaiye conversation abou the farm. David Folajan and Mr. Ilori. Songs in praise of the Oba and high chief of Effon-Alaiye. M.A. Adegboyega and J.A. Ajumobi. History of Ijaye, Mr. F.A. Faleti.

Rev. Togun: 12 Proverbs. Verses vs spirits at night. Yoruba Story. Prayers.

13 Yoruba tunes, N. Adewale Abon (Ibadan): 1) Advice to Children - Ifa Tune. 2) Asking for God's blessing on their worship. 3) Calling the worshippers together. 4) Praising the blessings of God - Ifa tune. 5) In celebration of freeing the slave - God has spared our lives. 6) Asking God's blessing even though they've sinned. 7-8) Originally song of Lamentation from Shango worship, transferred to crucifixion of Christ, Sango hange himself on a sheabutter tree at Oyo. 9) Every member of the Ifa cult must be truthful. 10) Son of Lamentation for death of a young person. 11) Song of lamentation for the death of an old person. 12) An Osun tune transferred to Christian workshop. 13) Respect your elders and you will prosper.

Item 6: Wire recording: The creation of the world and the fall of man by Reverend Joseph R. Walker, Assistant Pastor, The Macedonia Church of ChristAdd to your cart.
Notations: (sic) Shona Anthem. Bemba National Anthem. Zulu National Anthem.
Item 7: Wire recording: Reverend Togun materials, 1951 April 26Add to your cart.
Notations: Benin and Yoruba. Ibadan.
Item 8: Wire recording: Nembe songsAdd to your cart.
Notations: Ijawo Tuba. Rivers Proverb. Yoruba praise songs.
Item 9: Wire recording: Reverend Togun, IbadanAdd to your cart.
Notations: Rev. Aina's Church, Ibadan. Rev. Togun, 102 Proverbs.
Item 10: Wire recording: Reverend Togun, Ibadan, NigeriaAdd to your cart.
Notations: Proverbs.
Item 11: Wire recording: Kwa, drum interpretations (Calabar)Add to your cart.
Item 12: Wire recording: Healing Temple of Holy Latter Rain, Chicago, Il, 1956 October 18Add to your cart.
Notations: 2 Installment shouts.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Item 13: Wire recording: Reverend Brodaie (sic) and Reverend Coibi (sic)Add to your cart.
Notations: Songa.
Item 14: Wire recording: Kwa drummers with interpretationsAdd to your cart.
Notations: Kwa drummers with interpretations. Kwa wedding. Shebro Band. Upper Brook Street, Freetown. Mr. Joe Doley.
Item 15: Wire recording: Reverend Aina's ChurchAdd to your cart.
Notations: Congregation singing. My speech, sermons follows. Congregation singing and dancing.
Item 16: Wire recording: Creektown and Clabar, Mrs. Ita - story, songsAdd to your cart.
Item 17: Wire recording: Yoruba chants, IbadanAdd to your cart.
Notations: Lagos, Brazilian. Reverend Boddre's (sic) church.
Item 18: Wire recording: Reverend Togun, Ibadan NigeriaAdd to your cart.
Notations: Proverbs and 13 Yoruba songs.
Item 19: Wire recording: Oba Abraham Fakey, History of MekoAdd to your cart.
Notations: Story song (Meko) J.O. Lajorin. Yoruba song, Phillip Oloyinbo Auon (sic). Yoruba song, David Ogundiran. Yoruba song, S.F. Ogungbe. Song with drums, Solomon Faleru. T.J. Isiake, Interpreter. Some facts about Offa and story. Concering the Ogui (sic) festival at Offa. A national festival at Effon-Alaiye. J.D. Oniyitan. Z. Adesugba.
Item 20: Wire recording: Early History of Ljebu Igbo, Agbodudu Burahima Oyewogo. Aledo Street. Oke AgboAdd to your cart.
Notations: Changes in Ljebu Igbo, Mrs. Alice Funke. Conversations in dialect of Ljebu Igbo Mrs. Alice Funke and Mrs. Ajatu Fuyele. 3 stories and 14 riddles (Iseyin). Olarewaju Ayinba and Muritalabia Alamu. A curious celebration occuring at the death of the Oba of Iseyin Chief, Ayinla and Alamu. Iseyin was founded as a result of war between Ilorin and Old Oyo. The word Iseyin means that Iseyin is the chief weaving center of Yorubaland. History of Owu Ekerin Ophayika Omo-otileta. History of Modokeke Ekerin o Omo-otileta.
Item 21: Wire recording: Yoruba. Ibadan, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Ibo proverbs (Port Harcourt). Enuga (Ibo) women songs and praise songs. Yoruba hunting songs.
Item 22: Wire recording: Reverend Togun's materialAdd to your cart.
Notations: African medicines and 4 stories. Yoruba proverb. 5 Yoruba stories. Cameroon singers: Nyang, a kind of shumba. Bakoko Cameroon.
Item 23: Wire recording: Reverend Cooper and Reverend Bobbie (sic)Add to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Item 24: Wire recording: Baptist Church Idikan, Ibadan, Reverend Togun, PastorAdd to your cart.
Notations: Reverend Togun's sermons in Ibadan. Hymns. Story (Ifon) Isaac Okuta. Story (Ilorin) Audu Ilorin. Mrs. Ransome-Kuti of Abeolata. Reverend Canon Morgan on the early church in Abekuta (Abokuta). Baptist church, Idikan, Ibanan. Yoruba history stories.
Item 25: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Ms. Ladakpo's stories. Ibo stories and songs. Yoruba stories (Abekuta).
Item 26: Wire recording: Yoruba proverbs and storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba proverbs and 5 stories, E.B. Onajide (Ilesha). Yoruba proverbs and 2 stories , I.S. Aina (Ijebu-Ode). 12 proverbs and 8 stories, Moses Titilayo (Ilesha).
Item 27: Wire recording: Yoruba proverbs and storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: A Yoruba story (Reverend D.O. Adekunde - Ibadan). Yoruba proverbs and stories (S.A.B. Ogunmaga Ibadan).
Item 28: Wire recording: Yoruba proverbs and storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: A Yoruba story, Miss  C.B. Odedina (Ondo lialect). A Yoruba stories, Mrs. Aina (Ijebu-Remo dialect). A Yoruba story, Henry Ogunwole (Ibadan). A Yoruba story, Tunde Onanuga (Ijebu Ode and Ibadan). A Yoruba story, Titus Olu Odedina. Proverbs and 4 riddles, Reverend Aina. Revival songs. 25 proverbs (Dawodu).
Item 29: Wire recording: Yoruba storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: A Yoruba story, J.O. Olowe. Proverbs, J.O. Olowe. A Yoruba stories, Elijah E. Arowusegbe (Ilesha). Riddles, Elijah E. Arowusegbe (Ilesha). A Yoruba story, Master John Aina. Yoruba stories and proverbs, S.O. Onajide (Ilesha). Yoruba stories and riddles, S.A.B. Ogunmaga. A Yoruba story, Miss Victoria Ogunkoye (Ijebu-Ode). A Yoruba story, Miss Odelina (Ondo Ibadan).
Item 30: Wire recording: Yoruba storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba stories, Ijebu-Ode, Miss M.A. Bangbelu (Same story told in Ljebu-Reomo on another roll). Yoruba riddles, Ijebu-Ode. Yoruba stories, Ijebu-Remo, Mrs. Aina. Yoruba songs, Ijebu-Remo, Mrs. Aina. A yoruba story, Ibadan, Master John Aina. Yoruba stories, Ibadan, Nathaniel Adewale Abon. Yoruba riddles and proverbs, Ibadan, N.A. Abon. Oriki, J. Lanlokun.
Item 31: Wire recording: Yoruba singers and proverbsAdd to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba male praise singers and their proverbs. Reverend Aina's church, Ibadan.
Item 32: Wire recording: Cameroon singers and Yoruba storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: Cameroon singers, Jacob Wuni. Yoruba stories and proverbs, R. Ade Dawodu Abeokuta. Makobo, language spoken in Yamide, Cameroon. Mempot, language spoken in Bakoko.
Item 33: Wire recording: Yoruba storiesAdd to your cart.
Notations: Mrs. Aina, Ibadan with singers. Yoruba stories, Henry Ogunmole.
Item 34: Wire recording: description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 35: Wire recording: description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Item 36: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, songs, and riddlesAdd to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba stories, songs, and riddles, Mr. Oniseogun Apata and Ado Ekita. Yoruba story, Joseph Akinyemi, Ijero, Ibadan. Yoruba story, Ogbomosho. History of Ijebu Ode, Chief Olowa Yinuse Olufeko. Facts about Shoganile. Mr. Daniel Ogunlesi (Shagamu, Ijebu Remo). Riddles and songs, Mr. Daniel Shomoin-Imale (Shagmu, Ijebo Remo). Remo songs, Mr. Ogunlesi. Ijebu-Atan songs. Riddles, Eribaneye Atan Elugu.
Item 37: Wire recording: description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 38: Wire recordings: description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 39: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, proverbs, and songAdd to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba proverbs and riddles, Dawodu. A Yoruba story, Mrs. D.O. Aina and Singers, Ijebu-Remo. A Yoruba story and song., S.A.B. Ogunnuga and singers, Ibadan. A Yoruba story, Miss Victoria Ogunkoye and singers, Ijebu Ode. Proverbs, Henry Ogunwole, Ibandan. A Yoruba story, Titus Olu Odedina and singers, Ibadan.
Item 40: Wire recording: Yoruba songsAdd to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba story (Ijebu-Ode) and songs (Ijebu, Mrs. E.F. Ogumyale. Yoruba stories (Ibahan-Ijebu-Ode) Miss. C.G. Obisanya, Miss L.A. Obisanya, Miss J.M. Oshibogun.
Item 41: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, songs and proverbs, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba proverbs, A. Ade Oshunniyi, Ibandan. Yoruba stories, Ado Ekiti, James Olofin, Joseph Egunjabi, Victor Ajayi. Yorba stories and song, Ilorin, Buraime Adisa, Durosinoluwa Ajodi Oyebanji Akanbi. A muslim sermon in Arabic with translations (Ilorin). Conversation (Ilorin). Yoruba songs (Ibadan), S.A.B. Ogunnuga. Yoruba proverbs, Ondo Ibadan, Miss Odedina.
Item 42: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, songs, and riddles, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba riddles, Awolore Dirisu. Conversation in Ife dialect, Mr. Awolore. Story of lif in Egbe in Yagba dialect, Yagba story (Egbe), Daniel Babalola. Story of Reverend Titiko at Egbe, J. Obiola. Conversation in Yagba, O. Ayiemorp, John Olu. Ijebu-Atan songs, Eribaneye atan Elugu.
Item 43: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, songs, and proverbs, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba work songs and proverbs (Ibadan), N.S. Abon. Yoruba philosophy of the world, Joseph Lanlokun. A Yoruba story and son, Reverend D.O. Adekunie.
Item 44: Wire recording: Yoruba stories and songs, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: David Akintola Dada, Aipate Baptist Day School, Iwo, Nigeria. Story (Iwo), Mrs. Atole. Ogun song (Iwo), Mrs. Atole and son. Ifa song (Iwo), Mrs. Atole and son. Egbe song (Iwo), Mrs. Atole and son. Story (Fiditi), M.A. Akinleye. Story, Reverend J.F. Oshoniyi.
Item 45: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: (Ondo) Mr. D.A. Akinkugbe. How a marriage is arranged for in Ondo, Chief Baikin Equnjobi and Mrs. Comfort (sic) Olabuikuro (sic). Conversation in Akure dialect, Daniel Akinlolu and Smuel Okoro. Stories and 5 riddles in Oshogbo dialect, Lasisi Salmai (Oshogbo). Conversation in Ifon dialect, Daniel Ayileka, Aduro Joro Ogunniyi, Joseph Ekun. 2 Stories in Ifon dialect, Aduro Joro Ogunniyi.
Item 46: Wire recording: Yoruba stories and proverbs, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba stories and riddles (Dawodu). Yoruba stories (Ladapo). Yoruba stories (Adekunle). Yoruba proverbs (Dawodu). Yoruba proverbs (Ogunniga).
Item 47: Wire recording: Yoruba stories, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Yoruba stories, Mr. Adekule. Yoruba storeis, Rev. Ladapo. Yoruba stories and proverbs (Dawodu). Yoruba stories, S.O. Onayide.
Item 48: Wire recording: Yourba stories and proverbs, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: 2 Yoruba songs, Miss Florence O. Wilson (Ijebu-Ode). A few facts about Ilorin, Buraimo Adisa. Yoruba storeis and riddles, Buraino Adisa (Ilorin). Yoruba stories and proverbs, Jas Olofin (Ado-Ekiti). Yoruba stories and proverbs, S.A.B. Ogunmga (Ibadan).
Item 49: Wire recording: History of Saygo, Ogun, and Ilesha, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: History of Saygo (Oyo). History of Ogun (Oyo). History of Ilesha (Owa). Early days in Ado-Ekiti.
Item 50: Wire recording: Yoruba songs, 1951Add to your cart.
Notations: Ijau songs (Lagos). Efik songs.
Item 51: Audio reel-to-reel recording: description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 52: Audio reel-to-reel recording: description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Item 1: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Miss Lillian G. Patrick, Charleston, S.C.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Mrs. Gracie Ashe, Sommerville, S.C.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Jokes by The Gang, 1933 May 14Add to your cart.
Item 4: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Jokes, Misses Pate Burwell and WinklerAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Phonograph disc (aluminum): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 6: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Record for Mrs. DrakeAdd to your cart.
Note: description unavailable.
Item 7: Phonograph disc (aluminum): The Big Broadcast by The Gang, 1933 June 4Add to your cart.
Item 8: Phonograph disc (aluminum): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 9: Phonograph disc (aluminum): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 10: Phonograph disc (lacquer): 26 Creole proverbs by Teddy Jones with translation by Thomas (sic) Decker (Freetown)Add to your cart.
Item 11: Phonograph disc (lacquer): ModakekeAdd to your cart.
Item 12: Phonograph disc (lacquer): 221 Creole proverbs by Thomas (sic) DeckerAdd to your cart.
Item 13: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Creole riddles by Thomas (sic) Decker (Freetown)Add to your cart.
Item 14: Phonograph disc (lacquer): A Creole Story by Mrs. Tate AllenAdd to your cart.
Item 15: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Story by N.A. Abon (Ibadan)Add to your cart.
Item 16: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Creole Story by Mrs. Tate Allen (Freetown)Add to your cart.
Item 17: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Itshekui songs and Yoruba songAdd to your cart.
Item 18: Phonograph disc (lacquer): 221 Creole Proverbs by Thomas (sic) Decker)Add to your cart.
Item 19: Phonograph disc (lacquer): 221 Creole proverbs by Thomas (sic) DeckerAdd to your cart.
Item 20: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Ijebu-Ode story by Mrs. AinaAdd to your cart.
Item 21: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Creole proverbs ty Thomas (sic) DeckerAdd to your cart.
Item 22: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Creole story by Mrs. Tate Allen (Freetown)Add to your cart.
Item 23: Phonograph disc (lacquer): 19 Creole proverbs by Thomas (sic) Decker with translation; proverbs by Davis and ColeAdd to your cart.
Item 24: Phonograph disc (lacquer): A Yoruba story by Reverend TogunAdd to your cart.
Item 25: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Medicine by Reverend TogunAdd to your cart.
Item 26: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Creole songs, storeis, and riddles by Hosanna Surra (Freetown)Add to your cart.
Item 27: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Reverend Togun, 1952 August 10Add to your cart.
Item 28: Phonograph disc (lacquer): For Lorenzo (description unavailable)Add to your cart.
Item 29: Phonograph disc (lacquer): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 30: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Experimental (description unavailable)Add to your cart.
Item 31: Phonograph disc (lacquer): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 32: Phonograph disc (lacquer): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 33: Phonograph disc (lacquer): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 34: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Creole riddles and proverbs by Thomas (sic) Decker (Freetown)Add to your cart.
Item 35: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Reverend Boddie (description unavailable)Add to your cart.
Item 36: Phonograph disc (lacquer): Onajidi's story and Miss V. Ogunkoye's StoryAdd to your cart.
Item 37: Phonograph disc (lacquer): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 38: Phonograph disc (aluminum): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 39: Phonograph disc (aluminum): description unavailableAdd to your cart.
Item 40: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Passage by Edward Mathus, 1972 June 10Add to your cart.
Item 41: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Tom Lernon (description unavailable)Add to your cart.
Item 42: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Senior Martinamo (Bonfun), Bahian, Brazil, 1940 October 14Add to your cart.
Item 43: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Mr. and Mrs. Morton (description unavailable)Add to your cart.
Item 44: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Conversation in Yoruba by Senior Martinamo and Senior MoronkedziAdd to your cart.
Item 45: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Saint Omonlu, The Song of The Saint by Senior Martinamo (Bonfun) Bahia, BrazilAdd to your cart.
Item 46: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Yoruba storiesAdd to your cart.
Item 47: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Senior Martinamo Elizeo (Bonfun) Bahia, Brazil, 1940 October 12Add to your cart.
Item 48: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Yoruba words used at the Candonble at Federacao, 1941 February 6Add to your cart.
Item 49: Phonograph disc (aluminum): Mrs. Anne Scott, St. Helena Island, South Carolina, 1932 June 27Add to your cart.

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