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American Committee on Africa records addendum

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Administration "front files"

Projects "front files"

Research

Oversize Items

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American Committee on Africa records addendum, 1949-2001 | Amistad Research Center

By Laura J. Thomson

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Collection Overview

Title: American Committee on Africa records addendum, 1949-2001Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1970-1997

Primary Creator: American Committee on Africa

Extent: 138.07 Linear Feet

Arrangement: The addendum of the records of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) is arranged into three main groups of files: Administration, Projects, and Research with additional sub-groups of files within the Administration and Research files. The file units are generally arranged alphabetically by topic, organization, or project name and in descending chronological order within the various alphabetical groupings.

Date Acquired: 01/09/1989. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Africa - Economic conditions, Africa - History - Autonomy and independence movements, Africa - Politics and government, Africa - Race relations, Africa Fund (New York, N.Y.), American Committee on Africa, Anti-apartheid movements, Apartheid - South Africa, Houser, George M., Human rights advocacy - Africa, Nationalism - Africa, National liberation movements - Africa

Forms of Material: Apartheid - South Africa - Periodicals

Languages: English, Portuguese

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The American Committee on Africa (ACOA) records addendum (1949-2001; bulk 1971-1997) covers the era of Africa's liberation (independence) movements against British, Dutch, French, German, and Portuguese colonialism and their imperialistic policy toward the continent, including aspects of both settler and exploitation colonialism, mainly in the African countries of Angola, Guinea Bissau, Namibia, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), and South Africa. The records also document the relationship of the United States and these colonial powers, as well as its role and policies toward the many minority regimes and the various political parties and coalitions of the indigenous independence movements in the region. The records are particularly strong with materials regarding the anti-apartheid movements in South Africa and Rhodesia and ACOA's many campaigns to assist these movements within each country, as well as within the United States and for the United Nations.

Main topics include: Anti-apartheid sanctions; consumer and cultural boycotts, demonstrations, and protests; enforcement of arms embargos; economic conditions and trade; detention, treatment, and release of African political prisoners; free and fair elections; human rights violations throughout Africa; liberation movements in southern Africa and post-independence civil war; divestment of public funds in banks and corporations dealing in southern Africa; and United States policy and legislative action.

Political parties and organizations represented in the records include: Angola's MPLA (People’s Movement for Liberation of Angola), FNLA (National Front for the Liberation of Angola), and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola); Mozambique’s FRELIMO (Front for the Liberation of Mozambique); Guinea Bissau's PAIGC (African Party for the Independence of Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde); Rhodesia's ZANU (Zimbabwe African National Union), ZAPU (Zimbabwe People's Union), and UANC (United African National Council); and South Africa's ANC (African National Congress) and PAC (Pan Africanist Congress).

The records of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) addendum are divided into three main file groups for the paper-based portion of the collection (Administration, Projects, and Research), with additional series for oversize items and audiovisual materials. The file unit order for each group and sub-group is generally alphabetical by category, organizational name, or topic then descending chronological order within each group.

Biographical Note

The American Committee on Africa (ACOA) was founded in 1953 to support liberation and anti-colonial struggles in Africa. ACOA developed out of the ad hoc Americans for South African Resistance (AFSAR), which was formed to support the Campaign of Defiance Against Unjust Laws led by the African National Congress (ANC). The co-chairmen of AFSAR were Reverend Donald S. Harrington of the Community Church of New York and Reverend Charles Y. Trigg of Salem Methodist Church in Harlem.

In 1953, following the end of the Defiance Campaign, AFSAR met to reassess its aims and function. The group reorganized as ACOA, an organization supporting the whole anti-colonial struggle in Africa. Based in New York, NY, ACOA had a national focus and a broad range of constituencies including students and elected officials, as well as labor, civil rights, religious and community leaders. In 1954, ACOA launched the magazine Africa Today, which in 1967 became independent under the control of Africa Today Associates and is now published by Indiana University Press.

In 1966, ACOA founded The Africa Fund, a 501(c)3 organization. The two organizations shared office space and staff, but had separate boards and budgets. In 1967, ACOA established a Washington (DC) Office. Five years later, the Washington Office was reorganized as an independent organization sponsored by five organizations including ACOA and renamed the Washington Office on Africa.

ACOA's scope included anti-colonial struggles throughout the continent, including Algeria, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Western Sahara, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. ACOA staff traveled extensively in Africa, attending all the All African People's Conferences, visiting newly independent countries and the Frontline States to meet with African leaders, attend conferences, and visit refugee camps. ACOA published newsletters including Africa-UN Bulletin, ACOA Action News, Student Anti-Apartheid News, and Public Investment and South Africa.

ACOA played a key role in campaigns related to South Africa, especially for sanctions and divestment, which resulted in churches, universities, states, and cities selling their stock holdings in companies that did business in apartheid South Africa. ACOA supported some post-colonial struggles such as for democracy in Nigeria during the dictatorship of Sani Abacha and against slavery in Mauritania and Sudan.

In 2001, ACOA, The Africa Fund and the Africa Policy Information Center merged to form Africa Action, which was based in Washington, DC. The New York office of ACOA was closed the next year. The Executive Directors of ACOA were George M. Houser (1953-1981), Jennifer Davis (1981-2000) and Salih Booker (2000-2001).

Subject/Index Terms

Africa - Economic conditions
Africa - History - Autonomy and independence movements
Africa - Politics and government
Africa - Race relations
Africa Fund (New York, N.Y.)
American Committee on Africa
Anti-apartheid movements
Apartheid - South Africa
Houser, George M.
Human rights advocacy - Africa
Nationalism - Africa
National liberation movements - Africa

Administrative Information

Repository: Amistad Research Center

Accruals: The Amistad Research Center received additional deposits of records from the American Committee on Africa from 1989 to 2000.

Access Restrictions: The records of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) are open and available for research.

Use Restrictions: Copyright to these papers has not been assigned to the Amistad Research Center. It is the responsibility of an author to secure permission for publication from the holder of the copyright to any material contained in this collection.

Technical Access Note: Audiovisual materials stored offsite. Please contact Reference Desk of the Amistad Research Center for inquiries at (504) 862-3222.

Acquisition Source: The American Committee on Africa

Acquisition Method: Gift

Appraisal Information: The American Committee on Africa (ACOA) records document the foundation and development of a U.S.-based organization dedicated to support of anti-apartheid and anti-colonial movements throughout Africa during the mid to late 20th century.

Separated Materials: The rare Africana publications, which accompanied the records of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA), were cataloged and housed within the Amistad Research Center Library Collection.

Related Materials: The Amistad Research Center houses the initial deposist of the American Committee on Africa records, as well as the records of The Africa Fund and the Campaign Against Bank Loans to South Africa (COBLSA). In addition, the Center's related holdings include, the George M. Houser collection and an oral history interview with Houser. The Center's library contains an extensive collection of newspapers, books, pamphlets, and other publications formerly kept by ACOA and The Africa Fund.

Preferred Citation: American Committee on Africa records addendum, Amistad Research Center, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Processing Information: The bulk of the records (1948-1987) for the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) was previously deposited at the Amistad Research Center in 1983 and processed in 1988. The addendum for the records of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) were processed from March 1, 2012 to February 28, 2013.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Administration "front files", 1953-2001],
[Series 2: Projects "front files", 1964-2000],
[Series 3: Research, 1949-1997],
[Series 4: Oversize Items, 1968-1994],
[Series 5: Audiovisual Materials, 1984-1998],
[All]

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials, 1984-1998Add to your cart.
Audiovisual materials include both moving image and sound recordings. Several episodes of the news magazine television program, South Africa Now, are included. The series also contains audio recordings of conference speakers at gatherings of the Religious Action Network, the Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa, and the Summit Conference on Apartheid, as well as other items. Also included are presentation slides for the series, "None But Ourselves" by Julie Frederikse (circa 1984),  "This is Samafco"  on the Samafco Mahlangu Freedom College of the African National Congress of South Africa in Tanzania (1985), and :"Banking on South Africa" (undated).
Box 331: Compact CassettesAdd to your cart.
Item 1: RAN Conference, Opening Session, 1989Add to your cart.
Religious Action Conference/Conference Opening Session. THEME:  FROM SELMA TO SOWETO. Opening words for the conference. Wyatt T. Walker, Dumisani Kumalo, Jennifer Davis, Fred Williams, and Mia Adjali. Length: 30 minutes. Index available.
Item 2: RAN Conference, 1989Add to your cart.
Religious Action Conference. THEME:  THE SITUATION INSIDE SOUTHERN AFRICA. Introduction to workshops:  On  The Situation Inside Southern Africa with workshop leaders from South and southern Africa. Speakers Jennifer Davis, Lenore Tate Magubane, Dumisani Kumalo, Prexy Nesbitt, and unidentified. Length: 56 minutes. Index available.
Item 3: RAN Conference, Jesse Jackson speech, 1989Add to your cart.
Cassette tape of Jesse Jackson speech. Evening Worship Service: Church of the Heavenly Rest, New York, NY. Keynote:  The Reverend  Jesse  Jackson, National  Rainbow Coalition. Length: 20 minutes. Index available.
Item 4: RAN Conference, Bishop Zephania Kameeta, 1989Add to your cart.
Bishop Zephania Kameeta, RAN Summit Conference on Apartheid. Bishop Zephania Kameeta, of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Namibia, speaks about Namibian independence and the United Nations in Namibia. Length: 19 minutes. Index available.
Item 5: RAN Conference, Bishop Zephaniah Kameeta, Ambassador Peter Zuze, 1989Add to your cart.
RAN Conference. Plenary:  Countdown  to Namibian Freedom Bishop Will Herzfeld, Evangelical Lutheran Church  in  America Ambassador Peter Zuze,  Chairman, U.N. Council for  Namibia Bishop  Zephaniah Kameeta, The  Lutheran Church  of Namibia. 60 minutes. Index available.
Item 6: RAN Conference: Workshop 2, 1989Add to your cart.
Workshop 2--Stubbs/Farisani/Flewellen. WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON THEME:  A RELIGIOUS RESPONSE TO APARTHEID. Workshops:  Building a Religious  Action Network, Views  from the Pulpit  and  the  Pews. Speakers Dean Tshenuwani Simon Farisani and Faith Flewellen. Moderator Stubbs. Length: 38 minutes. Index available.
Item 7: RAN Conference, Plenary, 1989Add to your cart.
Plenary 9:45- RAN conference. David Jenkins. Closing remarks to conference. Charles Coverdale, Dumisani Kumalo, Reverend Dorothy Wright, David Jenkins, [Musha Simon?], Willis Logan, and Damu Smith. Length: 60 minutes. Index available.
Item 8: Albertina Sisulu panel, 1989Add to your cart.
MRS SISULU + DEL NYC. Panel on South Africa. Speakers Jennifer Davis, Albertina Sisulu, Jessie Duarte, Sr. Bernard, and two representatives of the United Democratic Front of South Africa. Address at 777 Church Center, NYC. Length: 55 minutes. Index available.
Item 9: Shell Shocked, undatedAdd to your cart.
Charles Laquidara show from WBCN Boston about the boycott of Shell and Shell’s financial contributions to apartheid in South Africa. Length: 11 minutes. Index available.
Item 10: RAN Meeting in Queens  tape 1, undatedAdd to your cart.
Religious Action Network conference. Speakers Reverend Frederick Boyd Williams, Reverend Patricia Reeberg, Dr. M. William Howard, Congressman Dr. Floyd Flake, Dr. Wyatt Walker, Reverend Patricia Reeberg, Dumisani Kumalo, Reverend Willard Ashley, and Gretchen Ike. Length: 59 minutes. Index available.
Item 11: RAN Meeting in Queens tape 2, undatedAdd to your cart.
Religious Action Network conference. Speakers Gretchen Ike, Reverend Charles Coverdale, Reverend Willard Ashley, and Dr. Wyatt Walker. Length: 28 minutes. Index available.
Item 12: RAN Meeting in Queens, Lunch Rob Jones, undatedAdd to your cart.
Religious Action Network conference lunch lecture from Rob Jones. Jennifer Davis and Wyatt Walker also speak. Length: 28 minutes. Index available.
Item 13: RAN Meeting in Queens tape 3, undatedAdd to your cart.
Religious Action Network conference. Speakers Bill Howard, Wyatt T. Walker, Dwight Jackson, Dumisani Kumalo, Orlando Wilson, Reverend [Magrede Nyotay?] of South Africa, and Reverend Dr. William A. Jones. Length: 58 minutes. Index available.
Item 14: Allen AME/ RAN Meeting in Queens tape 4, 1989, undatedAdd to your cart.
Tape begins with a meeting (hearing?) discussing sanctions legislation/ End of Side B is the end of the RAN conference and Reverend Dr. William A. Jones's sermon. Length: 60 minutes. Index available.
Box 332: Compact Cassettes and MicrocassetteAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Greensboro President's Symposium  #1, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa. Conference lectures from various speakers. Tilden Lemelle, [Susie Johnson?], Jennifer Davis, [unknown], Dr. Omofolabo Ajayi, Geraldine Joslyn Fraser-Moleketi, Melvin Watt. Length: 61 minutes. Index available.
Item 2: Greensboro President's Symposium  #2, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa. Questions and comments from the audience. Length: 21 minutes. Index available.
Item 3: Greensboro Opening Plenary, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Two speakers. Ambassador Johnnie Carson, Dr. Herschelle Sullivan Challenor. Length: 52 minutes. Index available.
Item 4: Greensboro Aid, Trade and Investment Plenary, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Five speakers. Joanne Hayes , Professor Robert Stumberg , Salih Booker, Dr. Robert Jones, Yassine Fall. Length: 59 minutes. Index available.
Item 5: Greensboro Luncheon, Sheila Sisulu, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Two speakers. Sheila Sisulu, Ambassador Rachel Gbenyon Diggs. Length: 28 minutes. Index available.
Item 6: Greensboro Workshop A, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Three speakers. Irma Hunter Brown, Bob Holmes, Dr. Habib Sy. Length: 50 minutes. Index available.
Item 7: Greensboro Workshop B, microcassette, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Three speakers. Dr. Joseph Mitchell, Heather Gray, Dr. Lawrence Clark. Length: 60 minutes. Index available.
Item 8: Greensboro Democracy & Human Rights, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Three speakers. Dr. Peter Takirambudde, Dr. Owens Wiwa, Alistair Jackman. Length: 39 minutes. Index available.
Item 9: Greensboro Academy to the Ground, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Three speakers. [Irving Seth?], Dr. Gerald Horne, Dr. Gloria Randle Scott. Length: 31 minutes. Index available.
Item 10: Greensboro Closing Plenary, 1998Add to your cart.
Southern Regional Consultation on U.S. Policy Toward Africa at Bennet College. Two speakers give thank yous. Jennifer Davis, [Susie Johnson?]. Length: 8 minutes. Index available.
Box 333: 1/4" Open Reel audiotapeAdd to your cart.
Item 1: The Rev. Dr. Gardner Taylor, Summit Conference on Apartheid, 1989Add to your cart.
Item 2: The Rev. Mcebisi Xundu, Summit Conference on Apartheid, 1989Add to your cart.
Item 3: Bishop Zaphania Kameeta, Summit Conference on Apartheid, 1989Add to your cart.
Item 4: Dr. Kofi A. Opoku, Summit Conference on Apartheid, 1989Add to your cart.
Box 334: SlidesAdd to your cart.
Box 1: Slides: Banking on South Africa, undatedAdd to your cart.
Box 2: Slides: None But Ourselves, circa 1984Add to your cart.
Box 3: Slides: None But Ourselves, circa 1984Add to your cart.
Box 4: Slides: This is Samafco, 1985Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Administration "front files", 1953-2001],
[Series 2: Projects "front files", 1964-2000],
[Series 3: Research, 1949-1997],
[Series 4: Oversize Items, 1968-1994],
[Series 5: Audiovisual Materials, 1984-1998],
[All]


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